:mm; types but real individuals with a name and a face of their own. \nd it, after all, is the basic principle of caricature. Ca ature is not simply the distortion of the human countenance, tledial gargoyles, Leonardo da Vinci's grotesque heads or the nisslben monsters of Bosch are not caricatures. There cannot be any aria re where there is no portrayal. The literal meaning of caricature is l fac 'loaded' portrait, from the Italian ritratto caricato. The represen- itiotf a mere quality, say a vice such as avarice, vanity or lust, is not a aria!re because it is not a portrait of a specific individual. Ncjin my opinion, is it caricature when distortion of a particular type is apfifd mechanically to a number of portraits. That is why I do not onsi'r David Levine to be a good caricaturist. Good caricature ii-nstoi each face in accordance with an inward logic of the face itself, /ithnique key that resides in its own structures and expressions. The ood '.ricaturist is not far removed from the good mimic, who seizes pon e idiosyncrasies of a personalityand the two talents often go together: Tim is not only a great caricaturist, he is also a formidable mimic. For reasons that have yet to be explained, true caricature emerged only at a comparatively late date, beginning in a very modest form in the seventeenth century, as I showed in an essay, L'invention de la caricature, published in L Oeil, January ip6q. [Continued on page 562] 1) Kissinger travels to Hanoi in his attempt to reach an agreement with the Soviet bloc after having successfully established contact with Peking. 2) In February 1972 Richard Nixon goes to China at the invitation of President Mao and at a dinner in Shanghai declares that 'this week has changed the world'. 1) Kissinger begibt sich nach Hanoi mit dem Bestreben, eine Einigung mit dem Sowjetblock zu erzielen, nachdem ihm kurz zuvor die Annaherung an Peking gelungen war. 2) Im Februar 1972 reist Richard Nixon auf Einladung President Maos nach China, wo er an einem Bankett in Shanghai erklart: «Diese Woche hat die Welt verandert». 1) Kissinger se rend a Hanoi pour tenter de parvenir a un accord avec le bloc soviétique après avoir réussi un rapprochement spectaculaire avec Pékin. 2) En février 1972, Richard Nixon se rend en Chine a l'invitation du président Mao. Lors d'un diner a Chang-hai, il déclare que «cette semaine a changé la face du monde».

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