MESSRS. DEBERNY ET
PEIGNOT'S TYPE FOUNDRIES
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By M. Valotaire
THE marvellous expansion, which
has taken place recently in the
Book World and also in that much
wider region of printing in general,
would have been impossible, however
much publishers, bibliophiles, artists
or printers may have desired its suc
cess, without the initial aid of the type
founders, whose work forms the basis
of the printed page. As early as 1914
in the Special Number of The Studio,
devoted to the Art of the Book, Mr.
E. A. Taylor, studying its develop
ment in France and mentioning the
progress already made, showed that it
was due in great measure to the work
of Messieurs M. G. Peignot et Fils.
Then in the pages of illustrations given
after his short notes he included some
of the work of the Fonderie Deberny.
To-day the Fonderie Peignot and the
Fonderie Deberny are one firm, and
the parallel study of their separate
efforts will lead us up to the point
where these two important firms
agreed to unite.
The Fonderie Deberny dates back
to 1827. It started with a partnership
between Honoré de Balzac, the author
of the Comedie Humaine, Barbier
the overseer of one of his printing
works, and Laurent, a small type
founder. The affair was unsuccessful,
and Laurent, breaking free, joined M.
Deberny, then 19 years of age. The
latter, in 1840, bought up his partner's
share and worked alone at the de
velopment of his foundry with a suc
cess which bears witness to his artistic,
industrial and commercial qualities.
In 1877 M. Tuleu joined him and
later succeeded him. The best of the
work produced by the Fonderie
Deberny is due to M. Tuleu. Besides
the Writing series (copper-plate en
graving, lithographic, calligraphic or
English) which have won a world-wide
reputation, M. Tuleu cast, in particu-
Specimen from Naudin Type Book. Produced by Deberny et Peignot, Paris