MESSRS. DEBERNY ET PEIGNOT'S TYPE FOUNDRIES POUR VIVRE heureux, -OtHons caches. NICOLE 1234 123406 j f (J) cs By M. Valotaire THE marvellous expansion, which has taken place recently in the Book World and also in that much wider region of printing in general, would have been impossible, however much publishers, bibliophiles, artists or printers may have desired its suc cess, without the initial aid of the type founders, whose work forms the basis of the printed page. As early as 1914 in the Special Number of The Studio, devoted to the Art of the Book, Mr. E. A. Taylor, studying its develop ment in France and mentioning the progress already made, showed that it was due in great measure to the work of Messieurs M. G. Peignot et Fils. Then in the pages of illustrations given after his short notes he included some of the work of the Fonderie Deberny. To-day the Fonderie Peignot and the Fonderie Deberny are one firm, and the parallel study of their separate efforts will lead us up to the point where these two important firms agreed to unite. The Fonderie Deberny dates back to 1827. It started with a partnership between Honoré de Balzac, the author of the Comedie Humaine, Barbier the overseer of one of his printing works, and Laurent, a small type founder. The affair was unsuccessful, and Laurent, breaking free, joined M. Deberny, then 19 years of age. The latter, in 1840, bought up his partner's share and worked alone at the de velopment of his foundry with a suc cess which bears witness to his artistic, industrial and commercial qualities. In 1877 M. Tuleu joined him and later succeeded him. The best of the work produced by the Fonderie Deberny is due to M. Tuleu. Besides the Writing series (copper-plate en graving, lithographic, calligraphic or English) which have won a world-wide reputation, M. Tuleu cast, in particu- 240 Specimen from Naudin Type Book. Produced by Deberny et Peignot, Paris

Commercial Art / Art and Industry en | 1927 | | page 255