DECORATION AND DESIGN IN MAPS BEFORE 1700 GESTALTUNG DER LANDKARTEN VOR 1700 DESSIN ET ORNAMENTATION DES CARTES GÉOGRA- PHIQUES AVANT 1700 Trmr ^mericawI |(meridio; i ixNALIS ji f R. A. Skelto) [Deutscher Text: Seite 403] [Texte fransaispage 407] map, wrote the German geographer J.G. Gregorii in 1713, is a painting Gemalde in which the earth or parts of it are artisti cally represented on a flat surface. Map-makers have rarely disdained the aid of decoration and colour to relieve the "dry ness" of their outline and to make it pleasant to the eye. Al though such embellishments are not neglected in the modern map, the early cartographer enjoyed greater licence, and he tempted the map-reader's eye by added ornament, by the de sign of the map itself and of its symbols, by the lettering of its names, by pictorial vignettes, and by illumination or applied colour. Elaboration of the design began on the face of the map. A good symbol, it has been said, is one that can be recognised without a descriptive legend. Although pictorial symbols still linger in modern maps, they tend to obscure the plan of relief iSèrnltL I Qmpca+jitftjjf wNimnRSTS U1110114 IU.t .Jk trJUmr ,{f?S "j, omft iJfairr est itir ttnftruthu orylw-A 'A GUANA. Yrarjinhsir Woxos provfr Vv.v Cat/i ire Azosres Tabajarro Mnfthtes Oyc ticatcs PARANA ML4&OVTLAM o u u r-vtjjj Serrtu. ^./OfnCS 'Mèndünuj cjl' iXO rclifui 4J bitne üuurMhir rations Tsris Hhiot tui'coiTietixjpolisveru 1 3 - y*. ' mlIn O rait f*hRCjflthJ ComUU/'i tmrum

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