»Ql „A Ax.- - fer' (J Jr 5..Ï* -4>.o£ ^-Js2ÖSfev'M^5! I '1 -V P" Kv",' yv.-"jx A O C.^, "*a - r Sr.rmrl Tf|ifm odetiUuAmcrxj par *rl earim Iftgiortum quaiCKn Cfkftrml: i' lirGiï-srHiJInftn Qjftopho. uiColimiUu pnnifi drtrx) p I I.1x1 Umac irukonri I J Ai rt'>nam fi npif pm&.Tim vrrh a II«vny do Br r./ii m( ijui ions xmi '-1 Piwincxt Jdgr pfTllUlravit Hlfbru, canfl.m diem amntifj Tltoxlow 4rfcy Lmtd Atm«M d «uit f, S-SifTA f-r f: s x kiV rl^arj«ma ijtlnfult i, u-i -<7- Mexican TcfTuJtne Scopuh Jidt Ifartirrs C'trculiis Cancrr - S s s '"'-vX- ffC CViiAl-Vs-VLA <V .'/V V*"» A 7>»rMl 9*^ JmA H.royi rfanrij<opuk>u citer. MfntMa formidab* c'J, hrmrfn/uLi» pr,tna ***,v Mac loco pnmtuujtmsi; orta, fagna cVmmjCg, utltrH'fb* FO N 351. r3 MVIA>.KhnIj Mantlnpjuon MtSfwi uhn wJfaun atmuiin Xunhmix WV> "s.,^<' i :lVjl s X. Jk»; J- y s s y j i <7<im htfttlam Mntufti} tertiA Xmtatrriars nibus, tui nomen tmhtb< hi "On: ynknqmv I /flO amnio pars ftw t«/;d f«3V'r HISPAMA NOVA OLfA t>VRA\'i NlCARZ-iA ,it*L ■*3v A<» a >vrKfi «r/, Ml -r ft" /*Cv-, lV*>Y>v^ rvfyfft*- M Okio/.i VN ''Vr^'VÏ t'W CAR I BAM A 0 y y Cv- s s - 'yjf - <S .y y y 7//> y y y y y content with stippling, a process easy for his tool. While some early conventions (e. g. the pond representing a river source) have been abandoned, others are still used by cartographers; and the dotted line for boundaries dates from the 15 th century. Over the all too numerous empty spaces of his map the early cartographer sprinkled many other pictures, supplying his want of information with illustrations of contemporary lore or travellers' tales and with representations of local in habitants and indigenous animals; while in the featureless sea ships rode or sailed and great fishes played. Chart makers, having drawn marine and coastal features in detail, filled up the inland areas with pictorial detail. The lettering on maps, which generally followed contem porary fashion in handwriting, made its own contribution to their decoration. The book-hands used by the mediaeval carto grapher are echoed in the Carolingian minuscules found in early woodcut maps; but by the middle of the 16th century, when copperplate engraving was revived as a medium for map reproduction, the cursive hands of the Roman Chancery had been adapted to map lettering, as to text printing. The flowing italic preferred by Flemish and Italian cartographers was well suited to its purpose: it was clear and regular, yet condensed, it enabled names to be correctly placed and graded, and it completed the design harmoniously. The swash letters and flourished endings of later work illustrate the calligraphic exuberance of which this hand was capable. In the formal elements of his mapthe border or margin, the scale, compass indicator, and coats of arms, and, above all, the cartouchesthe map-maker sought his principal oppor- 4) Central America, from de Bry's AmericaPart IV, Frankfort 1594. Line engraving. Size of original 13 X 17V2 ^n- JaPan» 'n Mercatores AtlasAmsterdam 1606. One of the 36 maps added to the atlas by Jodocus Hondius in the first edition which he published after acquiring Mercator's plates. Line engraving. Size of original 13% X 17% in. 4) Mittelamerika aus de Brys AmericaIV. Teil. Frankfurt 1594. Kupferstich. Original- grösse 33X44,5 cm. 5) Japan, aus dem Atlas Mercators, Amsterdam 1606. Eine der 36 von Jodocus Hondius der ersten Ausgabe dieses Atlas nach Erwerbung der Platten Mercators hinzugefügten Karten. Kupferstich. Originalgrösse 34,5x44 cm. 4) L'Amérique centrale, dans 1'Amérique de Bry, IVe partie, Francfort 1594. Eau-forte. Grandeur originale: 33X44,5 cm. 5) Le Japon, dans l'atlas de Mercator, Amsterdam 1606. C'est ici l'une des 36 cartes ajoutées a l'atlas par Jodocus Hondius dans la première edition qu'il publia après avoir acheté les cuivres de Mercator. Eau-forte. Grandeur ori ginale 34,5 x 44 cm. 402

Graphis de | 1951 | | page 30