fixed specifications and working out his creations by formulae which provide a demonstrably correct answer to the problems alike of function and appearance which he is called on to solve. His specifications may insist that he shall retain in his new design certain traditional forms. They may insist that he shall build his new creation on to an existing standard. This is illustrated in the designs for the locomotive and the ferry boat described below. The Stream-lined design had to be built to the standard Class K4s Pacific type locomotive of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. In the latter, the superstructure only was included in the specifications for redesign. A designer's instructions to-day will always insist whatever the producton the utmost possible pro vision for human safety and comfort. Finally, the manufacturer has been forced to realize that, apart from technical specifications, he must leave the designer a free hand. Appearances count to-day in cash. The designer has always known this but hitherto his arguments have been dismissed as un practical, and himself as a dreamer. Now economics have come to his support. And, like Joseph, his feet have been loosed from the stocks, and 176 An electric locomotive, also designed by Raymond Loewy in co-opera tion with the Pennsylvania Railroad's engineering department. Fifty-seven locomotives of this type are in operation on the electrified lines between New York and Washington. Luggage is far more easily handled en route when carried below instead of on the roof. One of the practical features of the new Greyhound bus. Inside the bus are individually adjustable seats, with correctly sloped arm rests, ample knee space, tube lighting.

Industrial Arts en | 1936 | | page 16