projecting horizontal plane was thus narrowed at the back, tending to produce a slight increase in air pressure and velocity towards the rear end of the horizontal plane. This has proved to remove all tendency for the smoke to obstruct the driver's vision. The sand box was moved forward and enclosed in the cowling immediately behind the stack, under the smoke- lifting plane. The bell was mounted on the engine frame under the cowling at the front. Openings in the cowling itself were provided over the whistle and pipes whose position is unchanged. The exterior of the cab is now blended into the boiler cowling, and the cab windows are linked up with the lines of the tender by gold stripes. The sides of the tender are curved to conform to the curve of the cab roof, although the top of the coal bunker is not actually enclosed. The colour of the locomotive is gun metal; the stripes on the engine are made of stainless steel, as the hand rails on the sides and front, and the winged emblem in front of the stack. The tender, which carries 25,000 gallons of water, is joined to the locomotive with an outer diaphragm of heavy sheet rubber, put up under tension, which makes a smooth continuous surface while they are standing, and stretches where necessary on curves. The total weight of locomotive and tender is 280| tonsthe total length is 95 feet. The locomotive has a tractive effort of 44,460 lbs. From this we pass to the Princess Anne, ferry boat of the Virginia Ferry Corporation, built by the Sun Ship building and Drydock Company. The design of this vessel from the waterline upwards was executed by Raymond Loewy in collaboration with the shipbuilders. Although the Princess Anne is similar in machinery and hull design to her sister ship the Delmarva, the new design of superstructure and the accommodation for passengers has been one of the great factors in the development of the Ocean Highway between New York and Florida. Hitherto the Ocean Highway route has been un popular with travellers covering the journey from north to south through the eastern states of America because the long arm of Chesapeake Bay caused con siderable delay with its ferry service. To overcome this drawback the Virginia Ferry Cor poration has put into commission these two boats, which cover the distance from Cape Charles to Little Creek {w\ miles) in 1 hour 45 minutes. Cars now arriving at either end of the ferry can be driven directly over the gangway at either the bow or stern, on to the main deck. Here there are six lanesthe two centre for lorries, the outer lanes for carswhich will take 60 to 75 in all without crowding. The passengers have then a choice of spending their pleasant sea voyage on the promenade or saloon deck. On the former are the lunch counter, a dining room enclosed in steel coamings with glass above which allows an unrestricted view, and a dance floor. Officers' accommodation is in the streamlined deck house forward from the boat deck; galley and mess- rooms for the crew are also forward. Aft are the quarters for white and negro lorry drivers. The superstructure is built of steel throughout; motor driven fans give positive circulation of fresh air throughout the ship, allowing a complete change of air every five minutes in quarters, and every minute in the galley and lunch counters. The overall length of the Princess Anne is 260 feet, her breadth is 59 feet, beam at waterline 42 feet, and operating speed 18 statute miles per hour. Lastly the new bus for the South Western Grey hound Lines Inc. presents many sound features of transport design from the point of view of appearance and comfort. Instead of luggage being packed on to the roof, while the passengers have a restricted view from a low level, the luggage is carried in holds below the floor of the bus, while the passengers are raised to a height com parative with that of the roof of an ordinary saloon. The engine is placed in its logical position at the rear where passengers are not annoyed by the fumes, heat and noise. The exterior has been functionally stream lined to reduce air resistance, while the well-known Greyhound colours of white and grey are emphasized in the decorative treatment. Inside, the thirty-six passengers are accommodated on individually-adjustable seats whose arms are designed to conform to the natural position of the human arm in repose. Tube lighting gives a good reading light. In these three cases the different sides of transport problems have been attacked, and in each the three primary demands of transportspeed, safety, and comforthave been satisfied with the additions which modern life demand, of luxury, amusement, and prestige. There has been no sacrifice of efficiency for appear ance, as the old ideas of "artistic" treatment so often demanded. Because the designer is also an engineer the design is an integral part of the construction; its beauty is the direct result of its utility, not an attempt to disguise the workaday truth in a tinsel of make- believe.

Industrial Arts en | 1936 | | page 22