TYPE DESIGNS OF THE PAST AND PRESENT PART IV BATTERIES of bold, bad faces are to be found in the French specimen books of the 'fifties and in many Ger man and Spanish ones. Consistently with bad types, lower standards of production obtained. From 1820 to i860 printing was undoubtedly in a sorry condition at home and abroad. There were exceptions here and there. In London the pub lisher, William Pickering, and his printers, the Whitting- hams, combined to produce a number of handsome volumes, first in the 'modern-face' and secondly in the so-called old- face' types. If, as seems probable, the fine brittle lines of the 'modern' types are unsatisfactory in comparison with the vigour and strength of the 'old-face,' we shall do well to felici tate ourselves upon the work of Pickering and Charles Whit- tingham I and II. As Mr. Keynes has shown the legend is in need of revision that the old Caslon types were first reintio- duced in an edition of Juvenal's Satiresbut which volume was, however, forestalled by the publication with Messrs. Longmans of Lady Willoughby's Diary (1845) 'ie truth is that small supplies of Caslon's 'old-face,' pica size, were used in title-pages and preliminaries of such works as Fuller's Holy War and Jeremy Taylor's Holy Living (1840)Great primer will be found in Pickering's fine folio Book of Common Prayer (1844)From this time onward Caslon 'old-face' be came the success it never was in its designer's lifetime. 1 BY STANLEY MOKISON 61

PM Magazine en | 1937 | | page 63